Sunday, November 24, 2013

Makes and Models of Flex Fuel Vehicles in Brazil

On sale in Brazil are 80 different flex fuel vehicle models, made by 12 major automakers, and four flex fuel motorcycle models. The following is a list of flex-fuel automobiles and light-duty vehicles available in Brazil (source):

Chevrolet: Astra, Blazer, Celta, Classic, Corsa, Montana, Meriva, Prisma, S10, Vectra, Zafira

Ford: Courier, EcoSport, Fiesta, Focus, Ka

Volkswagen: Bora, CrossFox, Fox, Gol, Golf, Kombi, Parati, Polo, Saveiro, SpaceFox, Voyage

Nissan: Livina, Sentra, Tiida

Honda: City, Civic, Fit, and four motorcycles CG Titan Mix, NXR 150 Bros Mix, GC 150 Fan Flex and the BIZ 125 Flex

Toyota: Toyota Corolla

Fiat: Doblò, Linea, Idea, Mille, Palio, Palio Fire, Palio Weekend, Punto, Siena, Stilo, Strada, Uno

Hyundai: Hyundai HB20

Kia Motors: Kia Soul

Mitsubishi: Pajero TR4, Pajero Sport, Pajero L200 Triton

Peugeot: 206, 307

Renault: Clio, Kangoo, Grand Tour, Mégane, Scénic, Logan, Sandero, Symbol

Citroën: C3, C4, C4 Pallas, Xsara Picasso

In Brazil, the gasoline is E20 or E25. That is, their gasoline is 20 to 25 percent ethanol. And the ethanol for sale at the pump is 100 percent ethanol (rather than E85, as it is in the U.S.). Pure ethanol is very popular in Brazil — 65 percent of the people with flex fuel vehicles regularly use ethanol.

Although Brazil made ethanol available for ethanol-only cars at every filling station starting back in the 1980s, flex fuel cars didn't come onto the Brazilian auto market until 2003. The next year, 22 percent of new car sales were FFVs. It climbed until by 2009, 94 percent of new car sales were FFVs. Not many people choose to not have any choice in fuels.

We could do in America what they've done in Brazil. In fact, we could go one better. We could add methanol. The mechanical tweaks necessary to enable a gasoline-only engine to also burn methanol and ethanol are almost nil. Then we would have three good fuels all competing with each other for our fuel dollars. You can help make it happen. Start here.

No comments:

Post a Comment